Emile A Gruppe, American. 1896-1978.
Born in Rochester, New York, Emile Gruppe became a renowned New England landscape and marine
painter. Although he is best known for his variety of Impressionistic landscapes, he also
painted figures and portraits. His modern style was largely inherited from French Impressionist
Claude Monet. "Lily Pads", date and location unknown, one of Gruppes landscapes, attests to
Monets influence and is similar to some of the paintings in Monets "Water Lily" series.
Emile was the son of renowned landscape artist Charles Paul Gruppe, who was recognized by the
Dutch as being one of America's most gifted painters of the late 19th Century.In 1925, after
seeing a number of Rockport and Gloucester harborscenes painted by Frederick Mulhaupt at an
exhibition in New York, father and son traveled to the Cape Ann area of Massachusetts. They fell
in love with the location, set up studios and painted there for the rest of their lives.
Emile had a very strong art background and received his initial training from his father before
being educated in art at The Hague in the Netherlands and in New York City at the National Academy
of Design and The Arts Students League. He also received instruction from artists George Bridgeman,
Charles Chapman, Richard Miller and John F. Carlson, with whom he later founded, in 1942, the
Gruppe Summer School in Gloucester, Massachusetts.
Gruppe painted numerous works throughout his life. He is best known for his impressionistic landscapes,
painted figures and portraits - especially for "his views of fishing boats docked at Gloucester and
Rockport, and for his Rockport village scenes." For the majority of his professional career, he worked
and lived in Gloucester, Massachusetts, often wintering in Vermont and Florida.
"Drying the Sails, Gloucester."
Signed lower left.
Oil on canvas 24" x 20".