Agnes M. Richmond, American, (1870-1964).
Born in Alton, Illinois in 1870, Agnes Millen Richmond was considered one of the
key women artists who, along with frequent co-exhibitors Jane Peterson and Rhonda
Holmes Nicholls, taught art students in the early 20th century at the Art Students League
in New York City. Agnes Richmond studied at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts and
continued her in New York with John Twachtman Walter Appleton Clark and Kenyon Cox.
Richmond was a member of the original Woodstock colony, and with her husband,
artist Winthrop Turney, spent summers painting in Gloucester, MA, and Mountainville,
NY. Her work shows the influence of the places where she lived and vacationed,
including Brooklyn, Gloucester, and Mountainville. Primarily known as a portraitist,
Richmond is particularly noteworthy for portraits of women and children in pastoral
scenes in Gloucester and Mountainville as well as more urban New York interiors.
From 1914-1918, Agnes Richmond, along with a group of other artists including
Alice Beach Winter and her husband, Charles Allan Winter, shared a cottage in
Gloucester, MA with John Sloan. Named the "Red Cottage Artists", these artists lived
and painted together sharing a common color theory. As a result, many of the works
completed during this time were indistinguishable from artist to artist.
Working with a similar palette as Sloan and both Winters, Richmond produced vibrant and
colorful Cape Ann landscapes and attractive portraits set against local backdrops.
"Portrait of a Young Girl, Rockport, MA" portrays a confident young woman with bold
color and wonderful expressive impasto. Although this scene is set against the very familiar
and recognizable fishermens shack, Motif #1 in Rockport Harbor, it is an air of confidence
that fills the canvas, reflecting the strength of execution and conviction of the artist
herself. Although the sitter is not identified, she may have been one of several female
students that Richmond was known to invite for working summer art instruction while in
Gloucester or alternatively, one of many local children or visitors to the "Red Cottage", a
number of which were used as subjects by John Sloan and fellow "Red Cottage Artist "
Randall Davey as well.
Agnes Richmond's exhibition records are extensive, including PAFA, the National Academy of
Design, the Art Institute of Chicago, the National Association of Women Artists, and the
Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C..
Additional information on Agnes Richmond and John Sloan's "Red Cottage Artists" was first published in
The Gallery Fall 2007 section of the Antiques and The Arts Weekly, October 12, 2007.
"Young Girl, Rockport, MA"
Estate stamp en verso.
Oil on canvas. Dimensions: 24" x 20"
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